Why All Prospective CCNP Certification Holders Should Purchase CCNP Equipment

Studying for any exam is tough. Exams that require you to think analytically and do not allow you to subjectively answer questions are brutal. The difference between a correct answer and a mostly correct answer can cost you a pass rate on an exam. When studying for IT exams, you need to be as capable as possible regarding your coverage of the exam’s subjects.

Whether you are new to the IT industry, or you have many years of experience, you should use every advantage available to you to pass your exams. When it comes to Cisco certifications, you should purchase the relevant equipment you need whenever possible. Doing so will allow you to contextualize your learning, and will make you a better candidate to take and pas your exams.

What is a CCNP?

CCNP is a level of IT certification that many professionals in the IT field obtain at some point during their careers. IT is an odd field, career-wise, since it is not dependent on any one degree, experience, or certification. Obtaining and maintaining a career in this field is meritocratically holistic in this way.

However, that being stated, there is a sense of accomplishment, both personally and professionally, if you can obtain a Cisco certification. Cisco is one of the most well-known and well-respected IT companies in the world. They are an industry leader. If you can pass their exams and obtain their certificates, it looks very favorable for you and your resume.

Why Do I Need CCNP Equipment?

When preparing for exams in general, you obviously have multiple routes and strategies open to you. You can pay for a class. You can pay for books and take your time learning the material. You can purchase equipment and get hands-on practice for testable subjects.

Purchasing equipment is probably your best option if you want to pass the exam and actually using your certification to the fullest. Hands-on experience will help you in your exams. Even after obtaining your certification, you will need hands-on experience on the equipment you were tested on. Regular practice will help you understand the difference between theory and practice.

The Best Advantage of Purchasing CCNP Equipment

Bootcamps are often too quick and too expensive. Self-learning through books often leads to a situation where the technologies you are studying have become outdated by the time you read about them. This is due to the fact that books take a long time to write, edit, and publish. Technology is moving so fast! The best thing you can do is purchase equipment. If you want, once you are done with the equipment, you can always sell it.

Once in your possession, hardware rarely changes. Sure, some upgrades may be done to it, but you can easily control the state of your hardware. This makes hardware a great asset when studying for a test. You can study for your test, comfortable in the knowledge that your lessons will continue to be productive, and that your equipment will continue to work perfectly. So, when studying for your CCNP exam, consider purchasing equipment to score the best score possible.

For the best options available regarding used Cisco Equipment, like CCIE Equipment, CCNA Equipment, and CCNP Equipment, contact Network IT. We have helped many IT professionals purchase equipment for their exams in and around Toronto and the GTA, and the surrounding areas. To learn more, or to purchase hardware of your own, contact us at our website today.

The Benefits of Installing Used Cisco POE Switches

Many companies are on the cloud nowadays. You write your documents in Google Docs, download them to your drive, email them to coworkers, and then print them over wifi to your office printer. However, by utilizing hardware, you can retain greater control over your network and over your data. POE switches can increase your network’s productivity, as well as your ability to protect your network’s data.

Here are two main reasons why switching to POE (power over ethernet) may be right for you. Each of these reasons have sub-reasons. All in all, switching to POE can be incredibly beneficial. If you have not used POE switches, you should. The installation of such switches can really help your business, as well as lower your business expenses.

Save Money with Used Cisco POE Switches | Toronto and GTA

There are three ways that you can save money by making the “switch” to used POE switches.

First, used switches cost less money and they are very similar in function and output as new switches. If a previous owner takes good care of his or her hardware, it is plausible that their switches can last a very long time. By buying used, you are saving a lot of money, rather than having to buy new switches at a premium price. Especially when it comes to buying used Cisco products, buying used is just as rewarding as buying new equipment.

Second, POE switches are less expensive than Gigabit switches. Sure, your rate of data transfer is slower and the process of transferring data will take longer but, if your business is not transferring much data, it does not really matter much. Of course, if your business was a hot new tech startup, that would be a different matter.

Third, POE switches are less costly to replace. They are simpler to install, provide great value for their cost, and less expensive than other forms of switches. This means that you can buy multiple switches without leaving a dent in your expenses budget. Having extra switches in storage at the office can be a lifesaver years down the road when you need to replace a piece of equipment.

You Gain Better Centralization of Power with Used Cisco POE Switches

POE switches are used to extend power from a centralized source to peripheral devices on a business network. For example, a simple example of this is where you connect a POE switch to a power bar, and then attach a security camera to that POE switch. The POE switch acts as a middleman between the device and the power source, rather than directly connecting the device to the power source.

There are two main benefits for this network setup strategy.

First, it is easier to connect and disconnect specific devices from a network. You have a greater amount of control over your network, as well as the power generation, output, and direction of that network.

Second, the scalability of your network is increased. Depending on the ports present on your switches, you can add new devices to your network. Each port can support one new device. This allows you to connect an exponential amount of devices to your network, rather than be limited by the ports on your power source.

For the best in used Cisco routers and switches, especially used Cisco POE switches and used Cisco gigabit switches, contact Network IT in Toronto and the GTA. To order some POE switches, contact us at our website today.

Common Uses To Consider When Buying IBM Used Parts

When it comes to IT training and development, your staff can never have enough. Some of the best training is applicable to work and hands-on. Providing your staff with the server parts and training opportunities to fix your servers is a great way to ensure that your servers are able to be maintained and secured for years in the future.

Buying IBM Used Parts Provides Training Opportunities for Your IT Staff

Many businesses either require their IT staff to continue their education on their off-time, or send these staff to expensive bootcamps to learn more about a particular technology or information technology subject. While both of these strategies can work well, it is often hit-or-miss.

Requiring IT staff to create their own education often ends up in a situation where your IT staff has trouble collaborating, because they do not have baseline knowledge of what you want them to know. Effective communication is a very important part of running any business, especially when you depend on things like business networks and the cloud.

Expensive bootcamps will provide this baseline knowledge, but they are very expensive and often very short in duration as well. Sending your IT staff on weekend retreats to cram two weeks’ worth of material into 3 days is not productive for anyone.

Purchasing used server parts and letting your IT staff take a half day off twice per week to collaborate and work together on a business task (a task that is apart from their regular duties) is a great way to ensure that your servers are secure and your IT staff are trained well.

You Save Money When Buying IBM Used Parts

Making purchases in advance is usually money saver. Server parts are usually in abundance when the servers are still available on the market. It is only when newer servers are created, and server parts for these servers are no longer maintained and produced, that the price of these parts rises.

You can save your business a lot of money in the future by purchasing the parts you will need in advance. That way, when your servers go down (servers age and can “die” when parts stop working, just like any machine), your IT staff will have the parts with them to fix the server. You can have your server back up and running within a few hours, if not by the end of the workday. This is an amazing convenience.

This is what is known as “future-proofing.” you are acknowledging a problem that your business will encounter (all businesses do eventually unless they subcontract out their IT duties), and you are fixing the issue before it even occurs. Business solutions like these ensure that your business will be stronger, and able to compete better for customers.

Network IT |We Buy or Sell HP and IBM Used Parts | Toronto & GTA

Regardless of whether you are buying HP used servers, buying HP used parts, selling HP used servers, selling HP used parts, buying IBM used servers, buying IBM used parts, selling IBM used servers, or selling IBM used parts, doing so has many benefits for your business. Network IT in Toronto and the GTA can help you train your IT staff better, save money, and ensure that your business data remains safe and secure, even if your server goes down. For more information regarding the benefits of used servers, contact us at our website today.

One Important Qualification When Choosing a Used Cisco CP-7961G Phone: The Weather

Many people buy phones for their business based on functions like the phone’s button layout, cosmetic features, and use of integrated technologies like Internet connectivity. However, there is one important feature that more business owners and operators should consider when purchasing a phone: how well the phone can withstand a range of temperatures and continue functioning.

The weather is not a qualification that many people consider. We expect our phones to work under any condition, after all. We would probably expect our phones to work in the void of outer space! However, phones are built differently, and the phone you purchase can have an effect on your operating budget, especially if you have to keep replacing it because it cannot withstand a little cold or a little heat.

Here is what you need to know regarding business phones and the weather.

How Weather Affects Phones, Even the Used Cisco CP-7961G

After a while, every electronic breaks down when left out in the cold. The difference between phones depends on how well-built they are. Different types of phones have different breaking points. Like most devices, consumer lines of phones tend to break easier than business product lines. This is due to the inherent understanding of what these phones are best used for.

Consumer phones are meant to last a year at best. While some phones can and do often last longer, it is common for people to change their phones after a year. A user may be able to upgrade their phone with their phone company. A user may have scratched the screen, and may want a new phone to replace it. A new phone may simply have better features that a user wants.

Business phones are built to last much, much longer, and they can sometimes last decades. While business phones can do some very complex things, the functions of a business phone have not really changed in the past decade. Anything that a business phone cannot do, a laptop or even a smartphone can. For most business owners and operators, there is no need to replace a perfectly good functional phone like Cisco’s CP-7961G.

The Impressive Qualities of a Used CP-7961G Phone

Cisco phones are built to last. Cisco is an industry leader when it comes to IT hardware, and its phone lines are no exception. Phones like a CP-7961G can operate at temperatures ranging from 0 degrees to 40 degrees Celsius.

40 degrees Celsius is so hot that airport tarmacs can start melting at that heat. 0 degrees Celsius is the freezing point of water, which is very cold. It is amazing to think that your Cisco phone will continue to be able to operate under such conditions.

Your phone can withstand an even higher rate of temperature divergence if left in storage. When in storage, your Cisco phone can be kept in conditions from -10 degrees to 60 degrees Celsius. All you have to do is remove it from storage, plug it in, and voila! Your phone still works.

Network IT | Serving Toronto, The GTA and all of Canada and US

Used Cisco IP & wireless phones are great investments in your business. With their ability to operate in a wide range of temperatures, phones like the used Cisco CP-7961G, used Cisco CP-7942G, and used Cisco CP-7962G will work for decades! To purchase a business phone of your very own, contact us at our website today. Network IT in Toronto and the GTA can take care of all your business phone needs throughout Canada and the U.S..

Buy Dell Used Servers to Avoid Version Control Errors in the Workplace

Without version control, even the best managed projects can fall into disarray. It is difficult to keep track of which files are saved where, when updates are applied, and which versions of files various members of your team access and at what time. There is so much to consider when not using version control, that you should really use it to free up time, as well as to make your projects more efficient.

What is Version Control?

Version control is a process that allows users to back up and save their work at regular intervals. Version control can mean saving files in specific folders on a computer or centralized server, or even using version control software like Git.

Version control can exist on local computers, or on the web using a SAAS (Software As A Service) solution like Github or Dropbox. The best version control strategy is one you can control. A physical server sitting in your office will always be easier to access and control than an SAAS service, no matter how good or convenient the service is. Even though a SAAS service may be cheaper, an accessible server in your office will be more valuable.

Buying Dell Used Servers to Offset Version Control

Users have limited space on their hard drive. Web-based version control solutions are not as secure as office-based solutions. Using external hard drives can become cumbersome and confusing after a while. One of the best solutions to using version control in the office is to use a central server that employees can access and deposit files into.

You can even protect the server by locking it in a closet and requiring that users use their login credentials to access the server. You can have the IT department keep activity logs and back them up as well.

These files can then be accessed by other workers in the office, ensuring that everyone is up-to-date regarding the progress of office projects at the end of the day. A worker will use version control to backup his or her work before leaving the office, and the rest of the team members in the office can access the same files when they start work in the morning.

Why Buying Dell Used Servers Results in Better Version Control

The best version control strategy you can implement is one that you will be able to control. Websites go down and folders get moved on personal computers all the time. Installing a centralized, physical server in your office and requiring office workers to move their files to that server will result in more efficient version control.

When it comes to implementing features like version control, you need a custom solution that works for everyone in the office. If some workers use Github, while others do not, version control can become very confusing very fast.

However, buying Dell used servers is a great way to ensure the process is simple, quick, and easy to follow. Network IT, serving the Toronto and GTA areas, can help you buy HP used servers, buy HP used parts, sell HP used servers, sell HP used parts, buy Dell used servers, buy Dell used parts, sell Dell used servers, and sell Dell used parts. For more information, contact us online at our website today, or visit us in-store.

Why Your Next Office Phone Should Be a Used Cisco CP-7962G

Smartphones are everywhere now. Being mini-computers, you can use them for practically any office task you can think of. However, dedicated office phones will always be better and make you more productive. Office appliances should be increasingly streamlined. If you have three devices that do the work of one, you should invest in that one device. Efficiency and productivity are key when it comes to maximizing your revenue potential. Here is an example.

Office phones reduce the clutter. Most entrepreneurs and self-starters separate their office functions and needs through different devices. They will use a hotspot or router for Internet access. They will use a smartphone or text, calls, and email. They will use a computer to Skype. They will use virtual personal assistance to have calls redirected and forwarded to the appropriate people in their business. However, there is one device that can do all of this. The Used Cisco CP-7962G.

Why You Need an Office Phone

Every minute that you are in the office is a minute that you can use to make money. By becoming more efficient and more productive, whether you are a sole entrepreneur or one of many employees. You need to consistently look for ways to streamline productivity, and moving to VoIP technology is a great start.

You need an office phone because the demands of an office are different than in personal life. In personal life, you chat with friends, share texts, and send pictures to each other. At the office, you need to type reports, email data to clients and customers, forward calls to various individuals, and more. There is much more to do, and you need to do it under a constrained timeline if you want to succeed.

Features of the Used Cisco CP-7962G

The Used Cisco CP-7962G features high-fidelity wideband audio, which allows users to enjoy clear, crisp conversations while on the phone, even when the audio is compressed before being sent to the recipient’s phone like over a lossy network. Users can also enjoy a high-resolution grayscale display to access and use a multitude of the phone’s features. Some of the features you can access include: caller id, the current phone number, the date and time, and XML applications.

XML, or Extensible Markup Language, can be loaded onto your phone, allowing you to extend the functionality of your phone. If you can write it in XML, you can display it on the grayscale display! Some examples include note applications, and reminders applications.

Specialize When it Comes to Office Devices!

Having many devices may feel more secure, but all this device redundancy will only make your workflow more complex. Instead of splitting up duties to different devices, use as few devices as possible. You can streamline many office functions by purchasing a dedicated office phone. VoIP technology is a great productivity booster and you should use one in your day-to-day operations in the office.

Upgrade from your personal devices to devices specifically built to fulfill office functions. Upgrade to used Cisco IP & wireless phones today. For more information regarding used Cisco CP-7961G, used Cisco CP-7942G, and used Cisco CP-7962G phones, contact us at Network IT, serving customers in and around Toronto and the GTA. To learn more, or to place an order for an office phone, visit us in-store, or online at our website today.

Which CCNA Equipment to Purchase While Preparing For Your Certification Exams

The CCNA is a certification that many IT professional attempt early on in their careers. Depending on your choices, you can either sit one exam or two in order to receive this certification. While studying for more basic certifications, it is not necessary to purchase equipment since rote memorization can help you enough to earn a passing grade. However, with the CCNA exams, you need to learn theory and put it into practice in order to study effectively.

The need to purchase equipment can be daunting, especially if you do not know if you will need the equipment after passing the exam. Many IT professionals sit exams like CCNA certifications in order to gain a wide breadth of knowledge in IT, even though they may not need the knowledge. Routing and switching knowledge can be valuable in many different areas of IT, from project management, to security, to networking.

Regardless of your field of speciality in IT, basic routing and switching equipment, as studied on the CCNA exams, will be useful in your labs. Purchasing quality materials and hardware early on is an investment. The more money you invest into quality hardware, the better your home and office labs will be.

A Switch

A network switch is a piece of hardware that allows you to connect multiple devices together on a network. With a switch, you can send, receive, and update data. Learning how switches work and how to configure them will help you on your CCNA exams.

A Router

A network router is like a switch, but the former can be used to send data outside of your computer network. With a switch, you are regulated to only your network. If you want to learn about routers and how to configure them so you can exchange data between networks, you will need to purchase and setup a router.


Cables are usually thought of being separate components in and of themselves. However, cables simply allow switches and routers to pass data to other devices and networks. Depending on the device, you can use patch cables, twisted pair/coaxial cables, or optical fiber cables. To excel at networking, you will need to know how cables work, and how to use structured cabling practices in your network.

The CCNA exams are not difficult. They do require, however, that you have a certain amount of knowledge in routing and switching. Successfully studying for, and passing, these exams will show that you are ready to take on a networking role in a company. Studying, however, will take time, money, and effort. You should maximize your chances of success on the CCNA exam by purchasing the appropriate equipment.

Use CCNA Equipment in Your Home Lab

Every networking professional should create a home lab in an area of their home. This lab does not need to be big. It is possible to contain the lab under a desk. You need a way to configure and access various devices, both in and outside of your network, in order to learn networking. Connect your computer, smartphone, printer, and more, and learn how they interact with each other.

The CCNA exams will challenge you. They are an essential stepping stone into becoming an IT professional. Luckily, with used Cisco Equipment, like CCIE Equipment, CCNA Equipment, and CCNP Equipment, the process can become more manageable. For the best used equipment for your Toronto or GTA home lab, contact Network IT either in-store or online at our website today.

Used Cisco Gigabit Switches and the Value of Gigabit Ethernet

Setting up a professional network is a process. For most entrepreneurs, creating a secure work network may seem unimportant. However, when it comes to securing customer data, sending files to employees, or generally creating strong data connections between various office equipment, you need routing and switching equipment.

In addition, you need fast equipment. Especially for online businesses, your revenue will depend on how fast you can complete projects. Speed matters, and if you can increase the speed of project creation and deployment, the better. Switching to a Gigabit switch is a great way to increase data transfer speeds in your office.

Every network needs switches. Switches are vital pieces of hardware that allow you to connect your devices across a network, and share data between them. While routers can fulfill some of the same features that a switch can, you should compartmentalize different hardware in your network to ensure that there is no single point of failure. Compartmentalization results in a more productive, and more secure network, whether you are compartmentalizing a private home network, or a professional office network.

What Are Used Cisco Gigabit Switches?

The “Gigabit” in Gigabit switches refers to the speed of data transfer once you install the switch in your network. Switches allow you to connect multiple devices to each other in your network. Once connected, these devices can access and send data to other devices in your network. Devices can include: printers, computers, tablets, phones, and more.

Why Install Used Cisco Gigabit Switches?

The main advantage to installing used switches, especially Cisco switches, is one of price versus quality. Used switches are cheaper than new switches, even if the hardware functions excellently. Second, Cisco is a great company and the gold standard when it comes to IT infrastructure and hardware. Purchasing a used Cisco switch will not harm your network, but will instead enhance it.

Third, installing Gigabit switches are great because you receive a speed boost when it comes to transferring and receiving data. Some professions are data-intensive. You may need to access an API, send files to a virtual drive, or connect with a cloud-based service for work, for example. Waiting for a download to end, or for a file to be updated, means less productivity in the office. You need a data connection that can compliment your work.

What is Gigabit Ethernet?

Gigabit ethernet refers to the speed that ethernet connections allow you to transmit and receive data. Ethernet connections, for instance, are more secure and faster than wireless connections. With Gigabit ethernet, you can transfer data at rates of 1,000 megabits per second.

To put that into perspective, Delaware has the average fastest internet speed in America at 11 megabits per second. Gigabit ethernet is an amazing way to transfer and receive data faster for your business. You will be able to send files faster, download files faster, and use cloud-based computing services more efficiently.

From page loading to running online editors and apps, a Gigabit Ethernet connection is a great investment to make if you want to make your office more productive and cost-efficient.

To learn more about used Cisco Routers and Switches, or to purchase some used Cisco POE Switches or used Cisco Gigabit Switches, contact Network IT. We have helped countless customers in Toronto and the surrounding GTA, and we can help you as well. For more information, visit us in-store, or online at our website, today.

Purchasing a Used Server Can Help Your Business

Servers can have multiple purposes in your business network. There is so much you can do with a server that, if you learn that someone is selling IBM used servers, you should jump at the chance to purchase it.

Here are three different types of servers that you can create that will help your business create more revenue.

FTP Server

An FTP server is one of the most common server types that you will encounter. You probably have one or know someone who does. If, however, you do not, you should get an FTP server to upload and download your files more quickly. Look around and see who is selling IBM used servers!

FTP, or file transfer protocol, transfers files from your devices to your server. This configuration allows you and others on your network to access files quicker and easier. Seconds count in business when money is on the line. If you see someone selling used IBM servers, you should consider purchasing one to turn into an FTP server.

Web Server | Selling IBM Used Servers

Web servers can be online. In fact, many are. However, if you host your web content on a physical server, you are able to exert more control over them, as well as protect the server more from intrusion. If information security is a great concern for your business, you should consider purchasing a server from a technology store selling IBM used servers and turning one into a web server.

Of all the businesses out there, many believe that only web development or online businesses need web servers. However, every business can benefit from hosting a web server in their office. Keep copies of all your important documents and files on a web server, only accessing them to update them or to retrieve information. This is a great method to ensuring that you never lose your files or never accidentally delete them.

Proxy Server | Selling IBM Used Servers

Proxy servers are another type of server which you may need in a small business. Sometimes, you need to keep some data inaccessible to specific individuals. These individuals can be customers, if you operate a multi-tiered subscription business. These individuals can be employees, if you have specific pay grades for employees. These individuals can be the public, if you only want information available to your employees or customers.

Proxy servers are an intermediary, which either block or allow devices to access a network server. A device or the person using a device, needs to be approved beforehand, or the connection will not occur. Purchasing a server from a business selling IBM used servers is a great and affordable way to create a proxy server.

How Do These Servers Increase Your Revenue

FTP servers, web servers, and proxy servers, help stabilize your business. The stronger and more stable your business is, the better it will perform during times of adversity. It is the same reason why hospitals have backup electrical generators. If a file is ever deleted accidentally, or you need to control access to a file, or you need to ensure that your web server is running correctly, you will be glad you purchased a server.

If you need a server, contact Network IT. We can help you buy IBM used servers, buy IBM used parts, sell IBM used servers, sell IBM used parts, buy Dell used servers, buy Dell used parts, sell Dell used servers, or sell Dell used parts. For more information, or to purchase a used or new server for your business, contact us online at our website today. We have been servicing clients throughout Toronto, Ontario, Canada and globally for over 20 years.

The Top Two Reasons Why You Need IP Telephony and VoIP

IP Telephone and VoIP service is a hidden benefit that many small business owners and operators do not know about. However, switching to a packet-distributed phone service like IP and VoIP can help their business by reducing expenses and increase revenues.

While the end function of IP telephony and VoIP is the same as using a regular circuit-switched phone service plan (your call is connected), the process is different. You can save money, as well as secure your phone calls over your business network’s internet connection, by switching today.

First, you need to understand how these phone service plans differ on a fundamental level.

Why is IP Telephony and VoIP Different?

Generally, your telephone and cell phone calls are routed through the public switched telephone network. Calls are sent via circuit-switching in order to route calls from a caller to a recipient. While the earliest circuit-switching was done by switchboard operators, now everything is digital.

IP Telephony and VoIP are also digital, but different, since calls are routed via your Internet connection, rather than through digital connections. No physical connection, like a telephone pole or a cell tower, is required for the call to connect. Instead, your call is digitized and broken into packets, which is sent on your wireless connection to another phone, also connected to wifi.

This difference in call connection provides many benefits to companies using IP or VoIP phones. Here are the top two advantages that you can benefit from by switching to a packet-switched telephone network today.

Network IT | IP Phone | More Affordable Phone Service

Phone plans, especially for professional businesses can range from the tens of dollars per month, to hundreds. This depends on your network service provider, your plan, and your phone use. These costs, like all other costs, will add up over time, increasing your monthly expenses as a result.

IP phone service is much more affordable than any phone plan. This is because you can route your calls through your Internet. Your calls will be able to connect faster and will be clearer, as long as your Internet connection is on.

Since you are already paying for Internet, you should consider saving money and using an IP phone in order to reduce your expenses. By virtue of reducing your monthly business expenses, you are increasing your profits.

More Secure Phone Service

By virtue of having a business network that is connected to the Internet, you should have at least one firewall connecting your network. Although more firewalls are better, even if you do not have one firewall, your router will have one built-in to its hardware. This means that there is at least one layer of security protecting the information that you are sending over your network.

With this security already in place, it makes sense to route your calls over wifi instead of through a traditional phone plan. Having the ability to secure your phone calls is very important in business.

You need to ensure that no one is listening in, that you can maintain a clear connection when talking to customers and clients, and that you can ensure that your call will be able to connect.

Cisco Network Consulting and Support Services provide many advantages to your business. Whether you need routing and switching LAN/WAN, wireless, network security, IP telephony and VoIP, or more, Network IT can help. Visit us online at our website to learn more about how IP phone service can help your business succeed. Network IT has been providing new, used and refurbished IP Telephony and VoIP equipment as well as Cisco Network Consulting services for over 15 years to clients throughout Toronto, Ontario, Canada and Globally.